Pre-planning before performing a rigging project is a essential task for ensuring the task is done safely and completed successfully. All personnel involved must be properly trained and certified in the proper utilization of tools and equipment required to perform the project.
Prior to beginning a rigging project there must be a JSA done, which lists the description of the task and identifies any potential hazards and what will be done to eliminate them. It will also list what tools are required and the steps in order of when they will be performed. There are many tools and equipment utilized for rigging tasks depending on each specific project, the most common are wire rope slings, nylon slings, shackles, dollies/skates, lifting jacks, chain blocks, cumalongs, overhead gantry, forklifts, and cranes.
When utilizing the above tools it is imperative that they are inspected before use to prevent safety issues and confirm that they will operate correctly. There should be a rigging inspection form completed which will include a check list of what to look for. If you are using wire rope chokers it is important to look for breaks, any worn sections and to check if the wire rope is starting to fray. If using nylon slings they should be inspected for cuts, breaks, splits and if they are worn. If any of the previous symptoms are seen the rigging should immediately stopped being used and put in a secure area for proper disposal.
If heavy equipment such as a forklift or crane is utilized a extensive checklist must be performed and operators must be properly licensed and certified to operate correctly. The above steps are only a brief overview of a type of work that requires extensive pre-planning and experienced, trained and certified personnel.